Latest Update 3/23/2017                          Author: Don Limuti                       

                                    Digital Wave Theory (DWT)

       - an investigation into some deviously puzzling questions -

“Don Limuti's Digital Wave Theory pages give an amazing and elegant tour of the mathematics and physics of big and small motions.  Even more than a tour, it's a complete course of answers to some of the most devious puzzling questions you will ever encounter.  A real tour de force.” mathematics professor and author Joseph Mazur  (

Quantum Mechanics

1  Introduction                                        Conflict:   Zeno of Elea: Nothing can move. Louis deBroglie: Everything must move.

2  The Trouble with Physics                  Quantum mechanical particles are not things that move with uncertainty.

Uncertainty and Measurement          The uncertainty principle is somewhat workable, but Einstein was correct, it is goofy.

4  Superposition                                    The concept of λ-hopping (explored in section 11) makes more sense than superposition.

5  Entanglement                                    The basic mechanism that creates atoms and molecules, sometimes creates weird stuff.

EPR                                                   It takes more than a missing variable in quantum mechanics to fix the mess it is in.

7  Who is wrong?                                  A list of scientists and their mistakes.

8  The Math-Physics Connection          Physics uses a lot of mathematical constructs.  Sometimes these tools are misapplied.

9  Zeno of Elea Viewpoint                    Greek philosopher (495 - 430 B.C.E.): who lived in a Greek community in what is now Italy.
10  Louis deBroglie Viewpoint              French physicist who postulated that matter (like light) might behave like a wave.  

11  Wavelength-Hopping                      Quantum Mechanical Particles and Photons hop over space-time (λ-hopping).

12  Zeno’s Paradoxes of Motion           Newton was wrong in his deduction that a particle can have a velocity at a point.

13  Dual Slit Revisited                          Particles (i.e. electrons) and photons do not go thru slits.  They hop over them.

14  Experiments: QM                            Possible QM experiments that could provide evidence of the validity of λ-hopping.
15  Planck Units and Numerology        Max Planck hits it out of the ballpark again. The Planck units can be very useful.
16  Derivation: Compton Wavelength  The Compton wavelength turns out to be more fundamental than many think.

17  The Case for Gravitons                  Newton’s theory of gravity is not as obsolete as many think.

18  Inertia                                             Gravitons offer a way to understand F=ma.

19  Dark Energy-Curved SpaceTime   Dark Energy gives space a strong index of refraction near massive bodies.

20  Dark Energy and Mercury's Orbit   Dark Energy (dark matter) offers an alternative explanation of Mercury’s precession.

21  Nitpicking General Relativity          Some considerations on how gravity bends light. And a proposed experiment.
22  The Schwarzschild Radius             The Schwarzschild radius made into a Schwarzschild wavelength.
23  Experiments: Gravity                      A listing of possible gravity experiments.

24  Special Relativity                            Lorentz’s key insight.

25  The Fundamental Axiom of Light   The foundation of relativity is slightly different than we think.

26  Light and the Twins Paradox          A speculation on the mechanism that causes the twins paradox.

27  The Elephants in the Room            Infinities in math are respectable. Infinities in physics are usually problematic.

28  Thermodynamics & Fusion            Thoughts on thermodynamics and an interesting hack to get tabletop fusion.


29  Visualizing Spin                               An attempt to give a complex concept a way to be visualized.

30  A Tale of Two Wavelengths            The Compton and deBroglie wavelengths concatenated to describe how a particle moves.

31  Max Mass of a Quantum Particle    When a particle is accelerated to near c it’s mass approaches the Planck mass not infinity.
32  The Arrow of Time                          Explaining why classical objects age, and why quantum objects do not age.
Charge & Anti-Particles

33  AntiParticles - Chirality                     Why does nature have a favored mirror image?

34  Quantum of Electro-Static Force     Why isn’t the Planck charge the charge of an electron?


35  Neutrinos and Light                          Expanding on deBroglie’s concept that light consists of neutrinos.

36  Neutrinos and Gravity                      Speculation that neutrinos are the particles responsible for gravity as well as light.

The Author

37  About the Author                              To my readers: You = Awesome, Me = Grateful ........Physics = Tutti Fantastico!