18  Inertia                                                                    


The Source of Inertia:

Mass is a concept that we have an intuitive feeling for.  Golf masters know the golf ball intimately. They know the golf ball’s weight when they put it on the tee, and they know the golf ball’s inertia when they drive it onto the green. 

Physicists have a much harder time than the golf masters with the concepts of both gravitational mass and inertial mass and why they are equal.  Einstein knew that gravitational mass and inertial mass must be equal because both a cannon ball and a feather fall at the same rate to the ground when released in a vacuum.  He knew gravitational mass and inertial mass were equal, but why should this be?  Ernst Mach knew that Foucault’s pendulum accelerated with respect to the background of stars and not to the earth because this is something you can see.  But why is this so?  

Consider an astronaut standing on a stable platform out in space.  The platform is stable with respect to all the stars, and the astronaut sees a constant arrangement of stars in the sky.  The astronaut carefully places a weightless golf ball on a tee and drives it off into space.  The astronaut knows that it took force to get the golfball shooting off into space. 

Here is the reasoning for why a golf ball has inertia (why F=ma) :

1.  Each Planck mass in a golf ball connects to every other Planck mass in the universe via a graviton.

2.  Each graviton is a photon like entity that consists of a neutrino with a wavelength that is the   
     distance of separation to each star.
3.  Because of all its graviton connections, the golf ball, is held energetically in place.  I think of all the
     gravitons as strings (wavelengths) with different tensions all attached to the golf ball.  Each string
     has a tension that is inversely proportional to its wavelength (E=hc/λ).
4.  As soon as the golf ball starts to move, the wavelengths (strings) in its direction of motion will get
     shorter, and the wavelengths behind its motion will get longer. We can do an energy accounting on
     all the wavelength changes. The energy in the graviton wavelengths is proportional to one over the
     wavelength, thus more energy is required to shorten the wavelengths than energy is recouped by
     the lengthening wavelengths.  And thus it takes energy to move the golf ball. This is the
     fundamental explanation of inertia, It takes energy to move the golf ball even though it weighs
     nothing.
5.  Once the golf ball attains a steady velocity after the initial impact, the gravitons maintain their new
     wavelengths and the golf ball in motion tends to remain in motion unless it is acted upon by
     another outside force
(changing its wavelengths with respect to the rest of the universe again).
6.  This line of reasoning is also why Foucault's pendulum can demonstrate that the earth rotates. The
     inertial force experienced by the pendulum mass is due to all the gravitons connecting it to the
     universe as a whole (not to just the earth). The pendulum mass is connected to all the stars via
     gravitons, because of this it experiences forces that keep it aligned to those same stars.   

And as always I remind my dear readers, this work is reasonable and yet very speculative.  The hard work is in making good experiments, theories are the easy part.