21  Nitpicking General Relativity                                     Table of Contents     Previous      Next


Frame Dragging:

In sections (17,18,19, and 20) we have investigated 1. how gravitons within rotating galaxies become dark matter, and how 2. gravitons connecting galaxies become dark energy and how both types of  gravitons can explain the curving of spacetime predicted by general relativity. In this section an experiment will be outlined to show that a rapidly spinning gyroscope can also curve spacetime via “Frame Dragging”.  Click on the diagram below to learn about the Gravity B Probe, a most amazing experiment concerning frame dragging.


The geodetic effect—the amount by which the Earth warps the local spacetime in which it resides. This is the downward dip in the web like green lines.


The frame-dragging effect—the amount by which the rotating Earth drags its local spacetime around with it. This is the horizontal spiral windings in the web like green lines.



In this section I will examine how a gyroscope can replace the Earth in the diagram above to amplify the frame dragging effect.


An experiment will be proposed below to investigate a fine point about acceleration and its connection to gravity. The proposed experiment has the potential to determine if “free space” can be made to act as if it is a material with an index of refraction when subjected to strong gravitational fields produced by strong accelerations. The experiment is intended to provide supporting evidence that gravitons provide the mechanism for mass to bend spacetime.

1. Nitpicking general relativity:

The diagram at the left shows how an elevator accelerating upward curves a white light beam according to general relativity
(a process usually referred to as diffraction).


The diagram at the right shows how an elevator accelerating upward curves a white light beam according to DWT (a process usually referred to as refraction).



DWT postulates that strong gradients of gravitons will make space act like it has an index of refraction and will cause white light to separate into its component colors (see section 19).


A proposal for a simple experiment that uses off the shelf commercial centrifuges which can produce accelerations up to one million g’s (one million times the gravity at the surface of the Earth) to investigate the nature of acceleration and gravity.


One million g’s of gravity is a lot of gravity. The surface of the Sun produces 28 g’s and was enough to enable Eddington to measure how the Sun deflected light. A one million g centrifuge should produce about 30,000 time the g force of the Sun, perhaps enough gravity to see that gravity in the form of angular acceleration will also bend light and more importantly show that space can have an index of refraction causing white light to separate into its spectrum of colors. Said more simply, can we make “free space” act like a glass prism that has an index of refraction?


2. The gravitons and gyroscope experiment:

1. For Information on centrifuges see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultracentrifuge


2. When not rotating, the white light source hits the target as indicated by the top gray line.


3. When rotating, general relativity would predict the white light would deflect downward.


4. When rotating, graviton theory would predict the white light would deflect downward and in addition refract producing colors of the rainbow.




Will this experiment show that free space can have an index of refraction? I think it is worth a test. It would be relatively low cost compared to other tests of gravity and may break open a path to understanding dark matter and dark energy.

Don Limuti 7/29/2017