36  Neutrinos and Gravity                                             Table of Contents     Previous       Next

The Evidence That the Graviton Building Block is Basically a Neutrino

1.  In section 30 it is shown how particles have a Compton wavelength part and a deBroglie 
     wavelength part. The Compton wavelength part accounts for the mass of the particle   
     (m=h/(λc). The deBroglie wavelength accounts for the velocity of the particle [v=h/(λm)].

2. In
section 29 we postulated that a neutrino with a Compton wavelength all by itself can
    connect matter and called it a graviton. It resembles a photon that only hops back and
    forth instead of propagating in one direction. On the cosmological level gravitons will
    have wavelengths of lightyears. This will make them somewhat peculiar in the way that
    long wavelength light (photons) are peculiar.

    A red light photon is a neutrino that λ-hops a distance of 650 nanometers with an energy
    of 1.91 eV.

    A 1 meter radio wave photon is a neutrino that λ-hops a distance of 1 meter with an
    energy of 1.24 x 10
-6 eV.

    A 10,000 kilometer photon is a neutrino that λ-hops a distance of 10,000 kilometers
    (6,213.7 miles) with an energy of 1.24 x 10
-12 eV.

    There are several things that happen when a photon has a long wavelength:
    1.  The energy of the photon becomes very small and is so hard to detect that scientists
          loose interest.
    2.  These photons have great penetrating ability.
          Photons in the 10 Hz range can communicate to submarines via earth and water
          paths.  However, no movies will be transmitted over this link. At least not yet.
          Photons with a 100,000 km wavelength will have no trouble passing thru the earth.
here to view information on ELF (extremely low frequency radiation).
    3. In
section 17 the case is made that a massive array of gravitons connects each Planck
        mass to every other Planck mass in the universe. 
    4. In
section 19 there is a diagram that shows how gravitons network to create the dark
        energy in the universe.
Here is a collection of neutrino properties:

         a.  A ghost particle with very low energy (a few eV), as seen in beta decay.

        b.  A particle that occasionally disappears, as seen in the super Super-Kamiokande 
        c.  A particle that oscillates, that is, changes its energy arbitrarily as it moves. Click    
             here to see an LA Times article that gives a good background on the neutrino    
             oscillation phenomena, and the problems it is causing for the standard model of
             particle physics.

        d.  A particle that can have very high energy (TeV to PeV) as seen in the Ice Cube
        e.  A particle that is the foundation of gravity.  See Section 17, Making a Case for the

        f.   A particle that is the foundation of light.  See Section 35, Neutrinos and Light.


    I maintain that all these strange properties of the neutrino point to it as being a
    foundational element that is part of photons, particles and gravity.

    Gravity requires an understanding of long wavelength phenomena. If we do a google
    search to find the longest wavelength electromagnetic radiation, we find (unbelievably)
    that the most frequently answer is radio waves. However, I did find one physicist who
    said that the wavelength limit is the diameter of the universe. I believe this is correct.

Detecting Gravitons

Detecting gravitons (a photon that hops back and forth between masses) will be impossible  unless one of the two Planck masses supporting the graviton disappears, leaving the graviton free to return to its remaining mass (with a single long hop). This can happen when stars explode, explaining the astronomical detection of neutrinos. Neutrinos can also be released in a less dramatic way when stars convert matter continuously to energy via fusion, as evidenced by the suns release of neutrinos.

Current Neutrino Research

Click on the picture at the left for the best presentation I have seen on neutrinos.  Marek Kowalski did a remarkable job. 

The neutrino in the Marek presentation is considered a particle while I consider the neutrino to be the fundamental part of photons and gravitons.  In spite of this difference in starting axioms we are not that far apart.

The wide range of neutrino energies needs an explanation.  The energy of neutrinos ranges from approximately 1 eV to 1 PeV. That is a dynamic range of 1 to 1015.

Now if I understand this correctly, a 1015 eV neutrino will basically act like an artillery shell popping out of nowhere and putting a big hole in the ice!   This high energy and dynamic range is difficult to ascribe to a neutrino if it is an ordinary particle, since particles impart energy via kinetic energy.  Sure we can group particles together, but this is not so easy to do.  However, we can easily pack lots of feeble photons of the same wavelength together to get very powerful lasers.

The DWT explanation for the energetic neutrino impacts on Ice Cube:

If a star explodes several things happen:

1. Mass is converted into energy.

2. The energy is usually in the form of gamma rays.

3. Gravitons that connect to the star are disturbed and will cause a gravity wave.
4. There is a burst of neutrinos.
It is these neutrinos that Ice Cube is detecting. We could also say that IceCube is detecting a type of “gravity wave” which is the burst of neutrinos. This is much stronger than the much weaker bending of space-time type of gravity wave.

When the neutrinos impact the earth, the star will be seen to have exploded, loosing some of its mass.

Think of the earth and the star (before the star explodes) as being held together by a very long guitar string. The guitar string stretched between the earth and the star is vibrating in place, because it is a Compton wavelength many light years long. Each strand of the guitar string has very little energy, but there are very many strands (each connected to one Planck mass on the star and one Planck mass on the earth). When the star explodes the guitar string is cut at the star end of the string. The released string (neutrinos) now heads toward the earth.

There are 0.97x1015 gravitational neutrinos per kilogram (one neutrino per Planck mass). Thus a 1015 eV burst detected by Ice Cube could possibly be caused by the disappearance of approximately 1 kilogram of star mass, where each neutrino would have an energy of 1eV.  Could be .....

Gravity Waves:

Now that the LIGO experiment has detected gravity waves there are two aspects of gravity waves, just as there are two aspects of gravity (gravitons and curvature of space-time) a big milestone for physics. It would be a very good experiment to attempt to correlate the LIGO detectors with the IceCube detectors to show that gravity waves have both a graviton aspect and a curvature of space-time aspect. See Section 19 to see how gravitons can curve space-time.
It should be noted that our sun is continuously projecting neutrinos at the earth.  This flux of neutrinos results from our sun continuously losing mass. Every time the sun loses a Planck mass a neutrino heads toward the earth.  The impact of these neutrinos is very small compared to neutrino flux detected by Ice Cube. But Ice Cube is looking at cataclysmic astronomical events that disintegrate a lot of mass.  The flux of neutrinos from the sun could possibly be used to determine how much mass the sun is loosing over time.

The study of astronomically produced neutrinos is unlocking some of the gravitational secrets of the universe.  I am willing to venture that we are entering a new era in physics.

The End

And lastly, once again I am completing DWT (probably not the last time) and need to praise two people who were the inspiration for this website.  The first person is the Frenchman Louis deBroglie. His Insights 1. that particles have wavelength, and   2.  that neutrinos are part of light, were just fantastic.  The second person I need to praise is the Greek philosopher Zeno of Elea. I think of him as a troublemaker, a very capable and enlightened troublemaker.

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